It was not until 1957 that Mertz and Schwartz isolated a compound that they called the “glucose tolerance factor” (GTF). This was shown to restore the ability of rats with impaired sugar metabolism to utilise glucose.
In 1959, chromium was identified as the active component of GTF. Because of its role in regulating blood sugar, chromium supplementation is useful in a number of conditions.
The Benefits of Chromium:
Blood sugar balance – chromium helps maintain normal blood sugar levels, a function which not only helps diabetics but also those with pre-diabetic glucose intolerance in hypoglycaemia (too low blood glucose).
Cholestérol – chromium appears to play a role in reducing the bad LDL cholestérol and triglycerides whilst raising the level of good HDL cholestérol.
Perte de poids – studies have demonstrated weight management with increased chromium intake. Preliminary studies have shown that taking chromium picolinate can result in increased fat and weight management and a gain in lean muscle.
Athletes – chromium compounds are required both to build muscle cells and for the muscle cells to absorb glucose during exercise. Because of the extra demands of glucose absorption during exercise more of the appropriate chromium compound becomes damaged. This is broken down and excreted by the body. The result is a greater loss of chromium at a time when the body requires more that normal.
Acné – although people suffering from acne have normal oral glucose tolerance, skin tests have revealed that glucose tolerance in the skin is impaired. Rapid improvement in the condition has been noticed in people taking chromium supplements.